Read more Plus Minus My favourites Information about Innovation and entrepreneurship in education Favourite Download pdf-file Facebook

I&E-teaching can generally be divided into three different types:

  • Teaching about I&E
    Creates a pre-understanding and a foundation for which the students can be tested in theoretical insight, understanding and critical thinking about I&E.
  • Teaching for I&E
    Teaching the students to understand and apply the I&E – methods and tools.
  • Teaching through I&E
    Learning through practice. The students solve a specific innovation challenge and apply their knowledge into actual action that creates value for others – this type of teaching demands (explicit) reflection on practice and process.

(Please see.: Pittaway, L., & Edwards, C. (2012))

Most I&E-teaching involves a mix of the different types, but there are also courses that weigh one of the types more than the others, e.g. in the form of a theoretical course about I&E.


When you are about to begin planning your course, you start with the type of learning outcomes you wish to encourage and promote within the students, as well as which I&E skills you want the students to obtain by completing the course. The course’s disciplinary learning objectives need to be identified firstly in relation to the course curriculum, and you may incorporate your innovation oriented learning objectives in relation to the theoretical themes of the course.

The I&E-related learning objectives, which you can download in the red box, are divided into the following themes:

  • Value creation and creativity
  • Process understanding
  • Collaboration
  • To apply and integrate academic disciplines
  • Enterprising behaviour

Consider how the learning objectives related to these themes can inspire the formulation of your own learning objectives and select and adapt them for your course. Please be aware of the verbs you choose to formulate the learning outcomes so that you get a proper alignment with the type of I&E-teaching of the course (see section about types of I&E-teaching above)

Download collection containing examples of I&E oriented learning objectives divided into the categories Knowledge, Competencies and Skills.


  • Be clear in the way you communicate the aim of the course. Make it clear how the course’s subject matter is put into play during an innovation process – whether it is an individual workshop or it is an entire course is an innovation process in itself.
  • Use our I&E schedule for course planning, which may inspire you in your work with the course content.


Overview containing examples of I&E learning outcomes

I&E schedule for course planning

Course development template

Examples of course description for Innovation Inspired by Nature 2013, SCIENCE, UCPH